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Hello there! My name is Anne Fuelberth and I am the K-4 general music specialist at Standing Bear Elementary. Each week I get to see every student in the building and we have the chance to organically create music and in turn, create some joy! In my classroom we will sing, speak, play, move, and create. We will experience music in many different ways such as exploring through literature, with our bodies, using notation, and playing instruments, all while meeting district and national standards. The music room is a safe space where all students feel valued and have a sense of belonging, and where they learn how to be a human alongside learning how to be a life-long musician. In the music room, we will learn how to collaborate with others, explore our creativity, gain a greater understanding of the world through different cultural resources and music, and explore what we define as music.

I completed my bachelor’s degree in Music Education at University of Nebraska-Lincoln. I have also received my Level I Orff-Schulwerk certification at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Before starting at Standing Bear, I held long-term music specialist positions in Lincoln Public Schools and was the Music Director for the the Cherub Choir at Westminster Presbyterian Church in Lincoln. Professionally, I am active in the Great Plains Orff Chapter (GPOC) and hold membership in the National Association for Music Education (NAfME), the Nebraska Music Educators Association (NMEA), and the American Orff-Schulwerk Association (AOSA). In my free time, I enjoy cooking and baking, reading, spending time with my friends and family, and watching my favorite sitcoms. If you have any questions or need anything, please don’t hesitate to contact me. I look forward to growing alongside our students and making some beautiful music!


 Music Vocabulary Words


Long - In contrast to short, of a duration that is visibly or audibly  longer

Short - In contrast to long, of a duration that is visibly or audibly shorter

Composer - The person who writes the music

Heartbeat (steady beat) - The pulse of the music

Word rhythm - The pattern of long and short sounds matching the song lyrics

High - In contrast to low, of a pitch that is visibly higher

Low -  In contrast to high, of a pitch that is visibly lower

Fast - A quick or lively tempo

Slow - A relaxed or ponderous tempo

Loud -  In contrast to soft, sound produced with a great deal of energy

Soft - In contrast to loud, sound which is suppressed or produced with less energy

Same - Sounding identical

Different - two or more should or patterns that are contrasting

Echo - Repeating exactly the previous phrase in singing orin playing

Answer - Responding to the previous phrase with a contrasting phrase

Instrument -  a device used to produce musical sounds

Cymbals - Metal percussion instrument played by crashing together or with a mallet

Hand drum - Membrane percussion instrument stuck with the hand

Rhythm sticks - Wooden percussion instrument played by striking together

Maracas - Percussion instrument played by shaking

Singing - Using the head voice

Whispering - Using a very quiet voice (not using the vocal cords)

Talking - Using a speaking voice

Calling - Using a shouting voice

March - A song with a strong 2 meter, such as one would hear at a parade

Lullaby - A song used to lull a baby to sleep

Dynamics - Levels of loud and soft

Tempo - How fast or slow the music is performed

Music Vocabulary Words


Quarter note - A note that lasts one beat

Eighth notes - Tow equal sounds to a beat

Quarter rest - One beat of silence

Steady beat - THe pulse of the music (like a heart beat)

Melody - A combination of pitches and rhythm

Pitch - How high or low a sound is

Sol-mi - Two pitches whose relationship is a minor third

La - A pitch one whole step above sol

Staff - The 5 lines and 4 spaces on which music is written

Line note - A note where the line goes through the note

Space note - A note head that sits on a space between two lines

Upward - Ascending melodic pattern

Downward - Descending melodic pattern

Note head - The round part of the note

Stem - The vertical line extending upward or downward from all notes except whole notes. Stems on notes that are on the third line (B) of the treble clef staff and above should normally go down; the lower note stem should go up

Beam - The horizontal line connecting two or more eighth or sixteenth notes, or combinations of them

Presto - Very fast tempo

Largo - Very slow tempo

Piano - Soft

Forte - Loud

Form - The way the music is put together, which parts repeat and which do not (ABA)

Phrase - A musical thought (sometimes indicated by a breath or the feeling of a breath)

Ostinato - A pattern that repeats over and over throughout a song

Question-Answer - A type of song with two performers or groups singing or playing contrasting phrases back and forth, often in the form of 'questions' and 'answers'

Tambourine - Percussion instrument sometimes with a drum head and metal jingles around the edge, played by striking or shaking

Triangle - Metal percussion instrument shaped like a triangle, played by striking with a metal beater

Solo - A performer who sings or plays alone

Applause - Clapping to show appreciation for a performance

Music Vocabulary Words


Sixteenth notes - Four equal sounds on a beat

Conductor - The person who directs or leads the ensemble

Half note - A note that lasts 2 beats

Tie - A line that links tow notes of the same pitch causing them to sound as one note

Do - The tonal center in major, a major 3rd lower than mi

Re - A pitch between do and mi

Pentatonic - A scale using five pitches, usually drm sl

Notation - Written music

Tempo - The speed of the beat

Allegro - Fast tempo

Andante - Slow (walking tempo)

Dynamics - The level of loud and soft of pitches

Crescendo - To gradually get louder

Decrescendo - To gradually get softer

Fortissimo - Very loud

Pianissimo - Very soft

Meter - The pattern of strong and weak beats in music

Meter in 2 - Beat pattern in sets of two (strong, weak, strong, weak)

Bar line - Vertical line which divides the staff into measures

Double Bar - Two vertical lines at the end of a piece of  music

Measure - The space between two bar lines which contains a set of beats according to the  time signature (meter signature)

Time signature - (meter signature) The numbers at the beginning of a song that indicate how many beats are in each measure (top #) and what kind of note gets 1 beat

Repeat sign - A symbol made of two vertical lines and two dots, indicating that the music in between should be performed once more if there are two facing each other. One repeat sign indicates to repeat from the beginning

Call & Response - A type of song in which a phrase is performed by a soloist followed by a response by a group. The response is usually repetitive. Sea shanties, field hollers and work songs include many examples of call and response form

Brass - Family of instruments played by buzzing the lips into a cup-shaped mouthpiece

Strings - Family of orchestral instruments played by bowing or plucking strings

Woodwinds - Family of orchestral instruments played with a single or double reed, or by blowing across a mouthpiece

Percussion - Family of orchestral instruments played by shaking or striking

Band - Performance group including percussion, brass and woodwinds only

Orchestra - Performance group including percussion, brass, woodwinds and strings

Style/Genre - The type of musk characterized by its melody, harmony, rhythm, timbre and performance practices, often originating from a specific time in history, in a specific place on earth, or by a specific culture or group of people

Patriotic - Music that is about and/or supportive of one's country

Classical - Music, usually performed by instrumental or vocal  of the Baroque through late-Romantic eras

Folk - Music created in non-formal setting often by non-musicians passed down through generations by rote. Music indigenous to a certain country or people

Posture - Sitting or standing tall, relaxed shoulders and neck free of tension

Head voice - The higher register of the voice (as opposed to the chest voice)

Improvise - To make up music as one is playing or singing it


Music Vocabulary Words


Ti tika - A one beat rhythm pattern with three sounds (eight and two sixteenth notes)

Tika ti - A one beat rhythm  pattern with three sounds (two sixteenths and an eighth note)

ti Ta ti - A two beat rhythm  pattern with three sounds (eighth quarter eighth)

Half rest - Two beats of silence

Whole note -  A note lasting four beats

Whole rest - Four beats of silence

Treble clef - The symbol that locates the G above middle C (higher pitches)

la, - A minor third below do and  an octave below la

So, - An octave below so

Do' - An octave above do

Absolute pitch names - The letter names of pitches on a staff

Step - Pitch movement up or down to the next line or the next space

Skip - Pitch movement up or down from a line to the next line or a space to the next space

Leap - Pitch movement up or down that is more than a skip

Repeated notes - A series of pitches that stay on the same line or in the same space

Octave - And interval of an 8th 

Flag - A single curved line which takes the place of a beam when eighth notes are separated

Fermata - A symbol (curved line with a dot below) that indicates to hold the note or rest longer

Subscript , - A comma placed lower and smaller next to a letter in Solfege to indicate that the note is below do

Superscript ' - An apostrophe  placed higher and smaller next to a letter in Solfege to indicate that the note is higher than ti

Mezzo piano - Medium soft

Mezzo forte - Medium loud

1st and 2nd endings - Markings at the end of a section of music indicating two different endings for subsequent repetitions of the section

Verse - A portion of a song which is sung with different words on each repetition of the melody

Refrain - A portion of a song which is sung the same each time it is repeated

D.C. al Fine - A marking found in a  song which indicates the performer is to go back to the beginning and continue until they see the word "Fine." Da Capo is Italian for "from the head," so literally - from the head to the finish

Introduction - Extra music at the beginning of a song

Coda - Extra music at the end of a song

AB form - A song including a verse and f=refrain, which begins on the verse and ends on the refrain each time it is repeated

Timbre - The particular sound of a voice or instrument

Round - A part song which starts off with a single voice or instrument in the melody, followed at intervals by the other voices, which enter individually and perform exactly the same melody, creating harmony from a simple  melody (also called a canon)

Unison - Multiple performers singing or playing the same pitches at the same time

Harmony - More than on pitch played or sung at the same time

Texture - A word to describe the presence or absence of harmony in a piece of music, and how the voices interact with each other

Accompaniment - Music played on an instrument to support and add interest to the melody

Latino - Music from Mexico or Latin America, or in the style of this music

Spiritual - Music created by African-American slaves and spiritual in nature

Fourth Grade Music Vocabulary

Dotted half note -

A note lasting three beats


Fa -

A long, long way to go; a half step above mi


Half step -

The smallest interval in Western music


Whole step -

Two half steps


Flat -

A symbol that lowers the note by half a step


Sharp -

A symbol that raises the note half a step


Natural -

The symbol that negates a flat or sharp


Key signature-

Flats or sharps at the

beginning of the song that tell where

do is


Slur -

A line connecting two notes of different pitches, indicating

there is to be no articulation of the second pitch, but rather a

smooth connection between the two


Ritardando -

A gradual slowing of the te



Accelerando -

A gradual increase of the tempo


Moderato -

Medium tempo


Meter in 3 -

Beat pattern in sets of threes (strong, weak, weak etc.)


Anacrusis -

Internal: a note (or notes) prior to the bar line or next phrase

within a song to begin a musica

l phrase. External: a note (or

notes) prior to the bar line at the beginning of the song


Rondo -

Form in music where the A section recurs, normally after each

new contrasting section (ABACADA..)


Theme & Variation -

Form in which the A section is changed a bit for each

subsequent repetition (A A1A2A3...)


Interlude -

New music linking two sections of music in a longer piece


Duet -

Performance group consisting of two performers


Trio -

Performance group consisting of three performers


Quartet -

Performance group consisting of four performers


Ensemble -

Performance group containing more than one performer


Chorus/choir -

A fairly large group of singers who perform together, usually

singing more than one part


Partner song -

Two or more songs which, having the same chord structure,

sound pleasing when performed together


Countermelody -

A melody designed to compliment another melody when

performed together, by creating polyphonic texture


Canon -

A round, often designed so that all parts end together, wherever they happen to be in the song


Opera -

A play that is sung throughout


Musical theatre -

A play that is interspersed with songs that move the action

along or provide insight into a character or situation



For students who were selected to audition for the OPS Mini-Singers Chorus: use the practice track below to help as you prepare for your audition!


Music Alone Shall Live Practice Track - YouTube